Four Most Memorable Film Movements

A ‘film movement’ means when a particular trend emerges in movies as a result of social or cultural changes. Over the years, numerous movements have influenced cinema. Here are four most memorable movements:

  1. German Expressionism:German expressionism emerged in the 1920s. In this era, filmmakers were heavily influenced by wars. This resulted in dark horror-filled movies reflecting the bitterness of the war.During this period, lot of films used ‘shadow-play’effect; thus creating a surrealistic feel. German expressionism movement influenced the horror genre; Hitchcock’s‘Psycho’ is a great example. It has also influenced modern sci-fi movies like ‘Dark City’ and ‘TheMatrix’.

Some Notable Films of this period were:

‘The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari’ by Robert Wiene

‘Metropolis’ by Fritz Lang

‘Pandora’s Box’ by G.W. Pabst

  1. Italian Neo-Realism: Neo-Realism emerged in Italy around 1942. Strikingly, the bombing ofItaly’s main film studio pushed this movement further. Directors like Roberto Rossellini and Vittorio De Sica took to the streets, where they used non-professional actors and minimal equipment to capture stories of humble people trying to make a living. These films showed realistic and gritty locations portraying poverty, crime, and life. The movement influenced directors like Mike Leigh and Ken Loach. The waves of this movement reached India too, influencing filmmakers like Satyajit Ray.

Some Notable Films of this period were:

‘Rome Open City’ by Roberto Rossellini

‘The Bicycle Thieves’ by Vittorio De Sica

‘La Terra Trema’ by Luchino Visconti

  1. French New-wave:

The French New-wave appeared during the late 1950s, when a group of knowledgeable film critics disregarded the formalistic way of making films. They made films with low budgets and stylised their films with the help of tracking shots and handheld camera. The movement also popularised ‘jump cut’ technique in filmmaking. The French New-wave had a great impact on cinema, some of which can be seen in movies like ‘Pulp Fiction’ and the ‘The Conversation’.

Some Notable Films of this period were:

‘The 400 Blows’ by Francois Truffaut

‘Breathless’ by Jean-Luc Godard

‘Sign of Leo’ by Eric Rohmer

  1. Cinema Du Look:French Directors Jean-Jacques Benineix, Luc Besson, and Leos Carax brought Cinema Du Look movement in the 1980s. The films during this time were visually appealing, colorful and bright. The pop culture further added vibrancy to this movement. The movement influenced a lot of pop indie filmmakers like Tom Tykwer and Doug Lima and is visible in films like Tykwer’s ‘Run Lola Run’ and Lima’s ‘Go’.

Some Notable Films of this period were:

‘Betty Blue’ by Jean-Jacques Benineix

‘Les Amants du Pont-Neuf’ by Leos Carax

‘Le Femme Nikita’ by Luc Besson

 

 

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